The Kaziranga National Park
Kaziranga National Park is located on the south bank of the Brahmaputra river, This National Park is famous for the stronghold of the armoured one-horned Indian Rhinocerous. The Sanctuary provides unique setting for a sight of its best known wild life including birds.
Kaziranga National Park covers an region of approximately 430 Sq. kms with its swamps and tall thickets of elephant grass making it the ideal habitat for the Indian one-horned. The vast open country makes Kaziranga very accessible and wildlife viewing fairly pleasurable. Here one can leave in the early hours of the dawn for an elephant-back-ride.
One could see wild elephant herds roaming around or rhinos browse past visitors unconcernedly. Since Kaziranga National park is easily available, it provides a chance to see animals in the wild at close quarters, thus making a trip to Kaziranga National Park is a very rewarding experience. Kaziranga National Park lies in the flood plains of the Brahmaputra River,The Kabri Angling Hill ranges rise around the Kaziranga National Park pressing it against the Brahmaputra River, flowing as its northern boundary. Into the soup plate between the river and the ranges, flow several rivulets. They bring down rich silt and sand, spread in small lakes, silt up the lakes to make swamp and marshes, alluvial grasslands rising to alluvial Savannah woodlands; and then as the land loses its moisture with height, rise to mixed deciduous forests and finally, to tropical evergreen forests.It is believed that if nature had not designed such a breathtakingly beautiful habitat, it would have been extremely difficult for man to create a national park with such natural diversities suited to a diverse range of animal species. Kaziranga National Park is the stronghold of the one horned rhinoceros. There are over 1000 rhinos in this reserve.
The Great Rhinoland
Kaziranga, the greatest park of all, is renowned for its elephant grass and Rhino, but also incorporates some forest areas. Covering an area of 430-sq-kms on the southern bank of the Brahmaputra, Kaziranga National Park, 217-km east of Guwahati, occupies the vast valley floor against a backdrop of the forest-covered Karbi Anglong hills.
Flora And Fauna
Rivulets and Bhils, and the semi-evergreen forested "Highlands", just out of reach of the Brahmaputra's annual floods, blend into marshes and flood plains covered with tall elephant grass. Animal sightings are guaranteed, with Rhinos, Deer and herds of Wild Buffalo grazing close to the park entrance not far from the Administrative Centre of Kohora.
The rich bird life includes Egrets, Herons, Storks, Fish-Eating Eagles and a Grey Pelican colony settled among the red cotton trees. Few tracks penetrate this sea of grass, however, and the Wild Elephants seldom venture into it, preferring to remain in the forested Highlands, while Tigers are incredibly elusive.
With the grasslands bordering onto cultivated fields and domestic cattle encroaching upon the sanctuary and introducing epidemics, the wild animals are under increasing threat. Poaching is rife, with rhino horns fetching astronomical prices as aphrodisiacs.
Best Season to Visit Kaziranga National Park
The Best period being January-April
Access (Kaziranga National Park)
Drive to the park from Guwahati (219 km, 6 hours) or Jorhat (96 km, 2 hours) airport accessible by flights from Delhi and Calcutta respectively. The nearest railway station is Jakhalabandha ( 43 km).
Nearby Attractions of Kaziranga National Park
There are many spaces which can be visited while you are staying at Kaziranga National Park .The Kakochang waterfalls is 13 kms from Bokakhat. Not far from the park are the ruins of the ancient Numaligarh. These ruins are of great archaeological importance. The tea gardens of Hathkhuli, Methoni, Difalu, Behora Borchapori are also other local attractions. Also visit the coffee and rubber plantations behind the tourist lodge.
Kaziranga National Park can be visited on an Elephant back or in a Jeep. There are trips covering Mihimukh, Baguri, Hole path, Arimarah, Kohora Central path-Baguri all areas teeming with wildlife-all authentically wild.
Hours To Visit The Park
On Elephant Back: 0500 to 0600 hrs, 0630 to 0730 hrs and 1530 to 1630
hrs. By Road : 0800 to 1100 hrs and 1400 to 1630 hrs.
Climate of Kaziranga National Park
The climate of Kaziranga park is tropical. Summers are hot and winters cold. Take cotton clothes for summers and do not forget to pack woolens during winters. The average rainfall is 160 cms. But the monsoon months bring heavy downpours which often flood the park
Air : Nearest airport to Kaziranga National park is Jorhat (96 kms) is connected by Indian Airlines flights with Calcutta which in turn is connected with other cities in India.
Rail : Nearest railway station to Kaziranga National Park is Furkating (75 kms from Kaziranga) on the metre guage line is directly connected to Guwahati which in turn is connected with the other major cities in India.
Kaziranga (Kohora) to Guwahati 217 km, Jorhat 96 km, Furkating 75 kms.