: Near Ranchi, Bihar.
: Hindu Pilgrimage Centre.
: Vishnupad Temple.
: Bodh Gaya.
Gaya Tourism : (Brahma - Yoni, Ramshila, Pretishila - beautiful hills, Deo, Barabar caves
Pawapuri, Parasnath hill, Ranchi, Hazaribagh, Netarhat, Palamau, Jamshedpur
Damodar Valley, Dhanbad, Bhagalpur, Monghyr)
Bihar has some of the most sacred Buddhist and Hindu shrines. Gaya is one of the most important pilgrimage places for the Hindus. It is believed that a Hindu will reach heaven if his last rites are offered under the celebrated 'Akshayabat' or immortal banyan tree, standing in the yard of Vishnupad temple. Believed to be built on the footsteps of Vishnu, the grand temple was renovated by Ahalyabai, queen of Indore.
Prime Sites In Gaya
This massive temple located in the central part of the old town is believed to have been built over the footprints of Lord Vishnu. Inside the temple, the 40 cm long `footprint' of Vishnu is imprinted in solid rock and surrounded by a silver plated basin. This Shikhara style temple was constructed in 1787, by Queen Ahilya Bai of Indore, on the banks of the river Falgu. Non-Hindus are not allowed to enter the temple.
A flight of 1000 stone steps leads to the top of the Brahmajuni Hill, 1 km south-west of the Vishnupad Temple that affords a splendid view of the temple.
This is the immortal Banyan tree that stands in the courtyard of the temple. This is the tree under Buddha is said to have meditated. Also, the final rites for the dead are held beneath it.
A temple of Surya, the Sun god, stands 20 km to the north at Deo. It attracts large crowds in November, when Chhath Puja is celebrated.
This small museum housing collection of sculptures, bronzes, terracottas, paintings, arms and manuscripts is near the tank. It is open from 10 am to 5 pm on all days except Monday.
Excursion From Gaya
Lying 13 kms south of Gaya, this place is of immense importance to the Buddhists, as Lord Buddha attained his enlightenment here.
Brahmayoni Hill or Gayasirsa:
Located 1 km away to the southwest of Gaya, Pragbodhi caves are famous as the place, where Prince Siddhartha practiced severe austerities. He later returned to preach the Fire Sermon, which extols celibacy and a lust free life.
35 kms north of gaya, these mysterious caves are set in wild and inhospitable environs. The 22 km track leading to the caves in granite hills, turns east offs the main road to Patna, at Belagunj. The caves date back to 200 BC. Two of the caves contain inscriptions from Ashoka himself.
Near the Barabar Hills is situated this museum, which is the best place to start with the background review of the artistic traditions of the 3rd century B.C.
Travel Information On Goa
HOW TO GET THERE
Nearest airport is Patna, 125 km away.
Rail : Gaya is on the main Delhi to Calcutta line and there are direct trains to Delhi, Calcutta, Varanasi, Puri and Patna.
Bihar STC buses operate services to Patna and other tourist centres at Rajgir, Ranchi and Hazaribagh from the bus stand opposite Gandhi Maidan. Private coaches run to Calcutta. Local transport: auto-rickshaws, tongas, taxis.