: Ashokan Pillar.
Lauriya (district Champaran) contains, besides an inscribed Asokan Pillar, fifteen stupa-mounds. Four of them were excavated in 1904-07 and as two of them yielded a put down of burnt bones with charcoal and a gold leaf with a mother-goddess shape (akin to the one from Piprahwa), they were regarded by the excavator to be
vedic burial tumuli.
As an answer of their re-examination in 1935-37, they were definitely accepted to be stupas of mud or mud-bricks with baked-brick revetments (in two cases with actual brick-lining). They were regarded as roughly current with the
Piprahwa Stupa on account of the analogous find of the mother-goddess shape on the gold leaf.
Nandangarh, about 2 km, from the Asokan Pillar, represents a fortified habitation-site. At one end of the site was excavated a big brick stupa, reared up on multiple polygonal terraces with numerous re-entrant angles. This edifice, of the early on centuries A.D., is the earliest example of a form of terraced
stupa, which culminated in the celebrated monuments of Paharpur in East Pakistan and
Borobudur in Java, both dating from circa A.D. 800.