18 Kms North of Ahmedabad, Gujarat.
Built By :
Ruda, Wife Of Vaghela Chief Virsinh.
Built In :
15/16th Century AD.
Adalaj is a village 18 kms to the north of Ahmedabad . The 'Vav' (step-well) at Adalaj derives its name from the lady patron, Ruda, wife of the Vaghela chief, Virsinh; who
built it in the 15th or 16th century AD.
The 'Vav', laid out in the north-south direction, the step well with the well in the north and the entrance in the south, has a total extent of 75.3 meters. It is the only major monument of its kind, having three entrance stairs leading to the stepped hall. These three entrances assemble in the first storey, underground, in a huge square platform. The platform has an octagonal opening on the top.
The platform rests on 16 pillars, eight on the corners, and two in front of each
main side. Four built-in shrines, with doors, windows and balconies, mark the four corners of the platform. The stepped corridor begins from this square platform.
The corridor is entirely surrounded by a one-meter high ramparts wall with a rounded topping. It descends with four pavilion towers for five storeys. The walls of the 'Vav' are veritable showcases of sculptures and ornamentation. The sculptures range from a king sitting on a stool under a parasol, to erotic scenes; and from ladies churning buttermilk to dancing girls.
The frames of the doors around the entrances of the twisting staircases to the octagonal shaft are surrounded by a 'parikrama', which is an enlarged version of the frames around the niches. Stringcourses running along the sidewalls embellish all parts of the structure, sometimes dividing the wall into horizontal sections. They also come into view on the walls of the octagonal shaft, depicting floral or leaf patterns, or rows of animals.
How To Get There
Adalaj is a village north of Ahmedabad , 18km by road.