Keyword
Match



Arts & Crafts

Swang
Pottery
Embroidery
Painting
Sculpture
Region
East India
West India
North India
South India
Central India
Adventure Wildlife
Beaches
Historical
Spiritual
Deccan Odyssey
Fairy Queen Train
Palace on Wheels
The Royal Orient
World Time
Train Schedule
Currency Info
Distance Calculator
Indian Railway Reservation
Weather Report
STD Code
ISD Code
FAQ
Tips
Packing List
Must Explore
How to reach India
Travel risks
Foreign embassies in India
Indian embassies in Foreign
Facts about India
Visa & passport
Home>>North India>>Haryana>>Art & Craft>>Swang

Swang

Swang (Theatre)

Swang, Swang art and craft, Swang art of Haryana, Swang Arts & Crafts In Haryana, Haryana Arts CraftsArt Form of : Haryana
Meaning : Imitation
Main Themes :
Mythological, Heroic

The 'Swang' is the rural folk drama, which expresses the interplay of love, depicting mythological and modern tales of valour, sacrifice, humour and whatever else comes to mind. The word ''Swang'' stands for disguise or imitation. Better known as ''sang'' in Haryana, theatre forms an integral part of the state's culture. The word 'sang' is the corrupted form of 'Swang'. With a deep-rooted tradition, the 'sang' is based on the open theatre style as it performed in the open.

A mutual dialogue between two characters or groups of characters; costumes and music are the main elements of the performance, accompanied by a number of folk instruments like Dholak, Nagara, Tasha, Been, Cymbals etc. Usually performed by villagers, 'sang' is replete with a touch of folklore, music and narration.

'Sang' is also performed at night, and traditionally men dressed as women often played the female characters. In recent times women have replaced the men, and they have their own plays in which women play men.


The Genesis of the Art
Swang, Swang art and craft, Swang art of Haryana, Swang Arts & Crafts In Haryana, Haryana Arts CraftsFolk theatre in Haryana found a solid base sometime during the 16th century and is very popular today. An offshoot of the 'sang' is the 'Nautanki' which is very much similar. Ali Baksh of Rewari is said to be the father of folk theatre in Haryana and has staged the mythological-cum-historical saga, 'Padmavati'. Pandit Deep Chand, known as the Shakespeare or Kalidasa of Haryana, modified and polished Ali Baksh style of folk theatre. Other luminaries of the 'sang' were Swami Har Dev, Qutabi, Dhoom, Pandit Bhartu, Pandit Lakhmi Chand, Mangay Ram and a host of others during the British rule and later.

Popular Themes
'Swang' dwells upon themes based on popular tales such as 'Harishchandra', 'Nal-Damyanti' or heroic episodes of 'Heer-Ranjha', 'Leelo-Chaman' etc; or on matters of social satire. Dialogues are crisp and the singing is done at a high pitch. 'Ramleela' and 'Rasleela' the popular dramas, both being based on mythology and religion.

Swang, Swang art and craft, Swang art of Haryana, Swang Arts & Crafts In Haryana, Haryana Arts CraftsThe Open-Air Theatre
The 'Sang' is not at all a complicated affair, the stage being simply a raised platform open from all sides. Any open space can serve this purpose, be it a field, a courtyard or a verandah of a temple. The participants squat on the platform, getting up and taking their turns at acting. Forgetting lines is not a problem as the prompters do their bit without the fear of being heard by the audience. Since nothing is hidden from anyone, green rooms and curtains do not exist.

Revival of A Fading Art
The middle of the 20th century brought in television and radios right into the homes of the people ` and the 'Sang' slowly faded away. It is performed on rare occasions; being confined now mainly to the rural areas. The Cultural Festival organised by the Government of India aims at reviving this disintegrating culture by promoting artists and their music through festivals and related programmes.

 

More Arts and Crafts in Haryana

>> Swang

>> Pottery

>> Embroidery

>> Painting

>> Sculpture

 

More Information About Haryana

 
>> City >> Cuisine >> Arts and Crafts >> Fairs and Festivals
 

 

Comments for Swang

 
 
 
 

User Gallery for this Page

 
View All Images for this Page (0)
 

Please login to add comments or upload Images

 
Email : Password :

 

 
 

East India  |  West India  |  North India  |  South India  |  Central India  |   By State  Theme tour  |   Rail tour  |  Travel Links  |  Site Map Contact us