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Home>>North India>>Jammu-Kashmir>>Adventure-Wildlife>>Dachigam National Park

Dachigam National Park

Dachigam National Park

Dachigam National Park, Wildlife of Dachigam National Park, Travel to Dachigam National Park, Animals wildlife and heritageState : Jammu & Kashmir
District  : Srinagar
Status : Hangul Sanctuary
Location : 22-km From Srinagar, Kashmir
Region : J&K
Area : 141-sq-kms.
Attractions : Kashmir Stag, Himalayan Black Bear, Markhor, Ibex, Exotic Birds
Best Time To Visit : Upper Dachigam - May-August Lower Dachigam - September- December
Bird Viewing :
March To May

A beautiful reserve, 22 km Srinagar, the capital city of Jammu and Kashmir, it stretches across an area of 141 square kilometers. With abundance of the most scenic natural beauty, the variation in its altitude is vast, ranging from 5500 ft to 14000 ft above the sea level. Thus, it is very clearly marked into an upper and lower region and the best times to explore these two areas are summers and winters respectively.

The park has been a protected area since 1910 and its name literally means 'ten villages', which stands for the number of villages that were relocated for its formation. It was finally declared a National Park in the year 1981. Initially created to ensure clean drinking water supply for the city of Srinagar, it now houses many rare species within its premises including Hangul, or Kashmir Stag. The entire appearance of park changes with the onset of each season. In the wintes, during the months of November to February, the park adorns a white cloak of snow. Hangul moves down to the lower regions in this season and is more easily sighted. Spring arrives in March and the ample greenery of the park stands in contrast with the preceding snow of the mountain slopes.

Wild Cherry and other fruit trees give the lower regions a splash of pastel colors. Short summer season thaws out snow to unveil waterfalls and streams and even the higher regions are covered with vast grassy meadows and beautifully scented flowers. This is also the mating season for the Hanguls, which have already moved to the higher region are followed by the females and their recently born young ones during this season. August invites Autumn and the tree leaves turn to bright shades of red, gold, yellow and orange.

The two sectors of the Park
Upper and Lower Dachigam are spread over an area of 141-sq-km. and altitudes vary between 1,700 and 4,300 metres. Two steep ridges enclose the Park with its great topographical variety - deep ravines, rocky outcrops, steep wooded slopes and rolling alpine pastures. Tumbling down from the Masrar Lake (4,300m), up in the high ranges, the Dachigam River winds through Lower Dachigam. Flora The Park is the habitat of the endangered Hangul or the Kashmir stag - the only species of red Deer to be found in India. Winter is the best time to view the Hangul, when they congregate in the shelter of the lower valleys. Other inhabitants include the Himalayan Black Bear, species of wild Goat like the Markhor and Ibex and varieties of exotic Himalayan birds.

The leopard, which is the only predator in this paradise, is rarely seen as also the elusive snow leopard, which is found in the higher altitudes. Other animals include the rare musk deer and the Himalayan marmot. A metalled road takes visitors from Srinagar into Lower Dachigam. Upper Dachigam can only be explored on foot. Avifauna There over 150 species of birds inhabiting park's vicinity. Colourful pheasants include the Crimson Tragopan, the iridescent Monal Pheasant with its glittering plumage, the Blood Pheasant and the Koklass Pheasant. The golden Eagle and the bearded Vulture or Lammergeier are seen circling the brilliant blue skies.

PRIME ATTRACTION
Dachigam National Park, Wildlife of Dachigam National Park, Travel to Dachigam National Park, Animals wildlife and heritageAmidst forests of silver birch and conifer roams the Hangul. Rare and on the verge of extinction till a few years ago, the national park at Dachigam contains the last viable Hangul population in the world. Related to the red Deer of Europe, this breed is characterised by its white rump patch and impressive spread of antlers.

Arriving At Dachigam :

National Park By Flight
The nearest town and airport is Srinagar 22-km away.

By Trackways
It is 310-km from Jammu, the nearest railway station.

By Roadways
A metalled road links Srinagar with Lower Dachigam.

Upper Dachigam can be reached on foot.

The PDachigam National Park, Wildlife of Dachigam National Park, Travel to Dachigam National Park, Animals wildlife and heritageark Ecosystem :
The Animal Beings
The Park is the habitat of the endangered Hangul or the Kashmir stag - the only species of red Deer to be found in India. Winter is the best time to view the Hangul, when they congregate in the shelter of the lower valleys. Other inhabitants include the Himalayan Black Bear, species of wild Goat like the Markhor and Ibex and varieties of exotic Himalayan birds. The leopard, which is the only predator in this paradise, is rarely seen as also the elusive snow leopard, which is found in the higher altitudes. Other animals include the rare musk deer and the Himalayan marmot.

The Winged Beings
There over 150 species of birds inhabiting park's vicinity. Colourful pheasants include the Crimson Tragopan, the iridescent Monal Pheasant with its glittering plumage, the Blood Pheasant and the Koklass Pheasant. The golden Eagle and the bearded Vulture or Lammergeier are seen circling the brilliant blue skies. The Major Fascinations at Dachigam National Park Amidst forests of silver birch and conifer roams the Hangul. Rare and on the verge of extinction till a few years ago, the national park at Dachigam contains the last viable Hangul population in the world. Related to the red Deer of Europe, this breed is characterised by its white rump patch and impressive spread of antlers. Wildlife Authority Chief Wild Life Warden, J&K, Srinagar. Tel. 75411.

Tourist Office of Jammu and Kashmir :
Tourist Office, Leh (Near Khagri Hotel), Ladakh, J&K Tourist Office of J&K, Tourist Reception Centre, Srinagar 190001. Kashmir,

 

 More Wildlife in Jammu-Kashmir

>> Dachigam National Park

>> Gulmarg Biosphere Reserve

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