Betla National Park
: Palamau, Daltonganj district, Jharkhand
Best time to Visit
October to May, open through out the year
Tiger, Chital, Gaur Palamau's
Betla National Park
offers a fascinating study of wild life in natural surroundings studded with forests, hills and valleys. The Betla National Park, first established as a sanctuary and later upgraded to its present status, has carved a niche for itself within short span of it's life. The National Park occupies an area of 250 sq. km. on both the sides of all weather Mahuadans Road taking off from the main Ranchi-Daltonganj road on 11th km post as one comes from Daltonganj, the distance from Ranchi being 156 km. Ranchi is connected by road. Regular passenger buses fly between Ranchi and Daltonganj town from where Betla is only 25 km away. A number of buses is in operation between Daltonganj and Betla.
The national park has a large variety of wild life. Once Betla had 2 tigers, 50 elephants, 800 sambhars, hundreds of wild boar and pythons as big as 15 to 20 feet. Most innocent of the lot are the spotted deer seen moving in herds. The park authorities provide jeep fitted with a search light to the visitors for a fixed fair. As the light falls on the herds of deer, they watch innocently with eyes glowing like green electric bulbs. Scared rabbits and foxes scamper about and the wild boar rustle in the layers. The most coveted sight is a majestic gaur popularly known as bison. It leisurely walks across the road as if saying, who is afraid of you. The elephants uproot bamboo and fell them on roads for apparently obstructing free
plying of buses. The mammalian fauna to be seen at Betla include langur, rhesus, cheetal (spotted deer), blue bulls and wild boars. The lesser mammals are the porcupine hare junglee cat, honey badger, jackal, malabar giant squirrel and mangoose wolf, antelope etc. The park was declared in 1974 a tiger project reserve.
Where to stay
The accommodation facilities in the tourist complex, include a three
star hotel, tourist lodges with canteen, log huts and tree houses inside
the forest with fully furnished suites. The tree house overlooks a
watering hole a few yards away where the animals gather in the summers
to quench their thirst.
STD/ ISD, Postal and Internet facilities are available in the reserve area. Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation's Van Vihar is available for stay. Phone: 06562-86513
How to get there
Air : Ranchi, situated around 140 km away, is the nearest airport with regular air connections to Delhi, Calcutta, Patna and Lucknow.
Rail : The nearest important railway station is Daltonganj (25 km away), connected to many places in the region with regular trains. Ranchi and Gaya are also convenient railway stations for the tourists coming from Delhi and Calcutta respectively.
Road : Betla is well connected to Daltonganj (25 kms) via Khudia morh (6km), Ranchi (140 kms), Hazaribagh (190 kms), Netarhat (211 kms), Patna (384 kms), Calcutta (575 kms) etc by regular buses run by the state transport corporation and private companies.