Sacred-Groves which have been preserved since time immemorial, are in
sharp contrast to their surrounding grasslands. These groves are
generally rimmed by a dense growth of Castanopsis kurzii trees, forming
a protective hedge which halts intrusion of Pinus kasia (Khasi Pine)
which dominates all areas outside the sacred groves. The heavily covered
grounds have a thick cushion of humus accumulated over the centuries.
The trees in every sacred groveare heavily loaded with epiphytic growth
of aroids, pipers, ferns, fern-allies and orchids. The humus-covered
grounds likewise harbour myriad varieties of plant life, many of which
are found nowhere else.
One of the most celebrated sacred-groves of the State is the grove at
Mawphlang about 25 kilometres off Shillong. This particular grove has
for long years been a reservoir of interest for eminent and
internationally known botanists.
The sacred-groves which make a unique contribution to the flora of the
State are undoubtedly of immense interest to all naturalists.