A pleasant retreat set amidst the lush forested hills, Mt. Abu is a green oasis in the barren desertscape that's Rajasthan. Situated at the southern tip of the Aravali range the hill retreat owes its cool climate to its rich flora covering the entire hillside that includes coniferous trees and flowering shrubs.
The road leading to Mount Abu is a curved one characterized by arid region dotted with huge rocks in weird shapes and high velocity winds. The only hill station in Rajasthan, Mount Abu is more than just a summer retreat.
Its stunning array of exquisite Dilwara Jain Temples, dating back 11th- 13th centuries, make it a popular pilgrimage centre. 'Abu' according to a legend stands for the son of Himalayan, deriving its name from Arbuada, the powerful serpent who rescued Nandi, the sacred bull of Lord Shiva, from a chasm.
Mount Abu has been home to many sages and saints. Most famous of them was Sage Vashishtha who is believed to have created four agnikula Rajput clans from a fire-pit by performing a 'yagna' or fire sacrifice, to protect the earth from the demons.
The Yagna was performed besides a natural spring situated below Abu, emerging from a rock shaped like a cow's head and hence the site was called Gaumukh.
Mount Abu Rajasthan is the highest peak in the
Aravalli Range of Rajasthan state in western India. Mount Abu
is situated in Sirohi district. The mountain forms a
different rocky plateau 22km long by 9 km wide. The highest peak on the
mountain is Guru Shikhar, at 1722 meters above sea
level. It is referred to as 'a retreat in the desert', as its heights
are home to rivers, lakes, waterfalls and evergreen forests.
A lovely retreat set amidst the lush forested hills, Mount Abu is a
green haven in the infertile deserts cape that Rajasthan. Located at the
southern tip of the Aravali range the hill draw back owes
its cool weather to its rich flora covering the entire hillside that
includes coniferous trees and flowering undergrowth. The road important
to Mount Abu is a warped one characterized by dry region dotted with
huge rocks in strange shapes and high velocity winds. The only hill
station in Rajasthan, Mount Abu is more than just a summer run away.
It's dazzling array of exquisite Dilwara Jain Temples,
dating back 11th - 13th centuries, make it a popular pilgrimage
centre. 'Abu' according to a myth stands for the son of Himalayan,
deriving its name from Arbuada, the powerful serpent who rescued
Nandi, the holy bull of Lord Shiva, from a gulf.
Mount Abu Rajasthan has been home to many sages and saints. Most famous
of them was Sage Vashishtha who is thought to have formed
four agnikula Rajput clans from a fire pit by performing a 'yagna' or
fire give up, to protect the earth from the demons.
The Yagna was performed besides a natural spring situated below
Abu, emerging from a rock shaped like a cow's head and hence the site
was called Gaumukh. The Raj time come near it as a relaxation
place to reverse along with the royalties and semi royalties. The place
sways in an attractive contrast of British style bungalows, the holiday
lodges of the royals (Thikhana) along with the attendance of the
various communities of the tribals situated amidst the thick flourishing
of the forest on the hills surrounding the area.
The flora and fauna enjoys the adulation of the tourist to the fullest.
Among the flourishing ranges is the highest point of the Aravalli
is the 'Gurushikhar' with a vast sanctuary that shelters a number
of species like langur, wild boars, Sambar, leopards and
many more along with a number of flowering trees thus enhancing the
whole scenario. This glorious ambience suited mainly to the likes of
sages and tribals and both made a great impact in the history of the
region. Mount Abu, the only hill resort of Rajasthan, located at the
highest peak of the Aravali at height of 1220 meters. This "Hill of
Wisdom" and a true "Olympus of Rajasthan" stands on an autonomous
hillock, which is divided from the main Aravali ranges by a profound
Dilwara Jain Temple, Mount Abu Travel Guide When
climbing the mountain, one can hardly fail to be fearful with the
grandeur and the beautiful beauty, the enormous blocks of rocks,
towering along the peak of the hill, are particularly striking, in some
cases so weather damaged, that they present most imaginary and weird
shapes, while in others appear so slightly impartial as to be in danger
of rolling down.
This complex consisting of five marble Jain temples is one of the finest in Rajasthan, worth braving the queues and ferocious guards. These beautifully carved temples built between 11th & 13th century AD are sheer elegance in marble, dedicated to the Jain Tirthankaras. The Vimal Vasahi Temple is the oldest of these, dedicated to the first Tirthankara. Built in 1031 AD (by Vimal Shah- a merchant and representative of the then Gujarat ruler), it is a superb example of temple architecture.
Dedicated to Rama, this small temple (the cow's mouth) is centred on a spring gushing from the mouth of a marble cow. In the Hindu creation myth, the world is formed by a cow, licking salt; the source of the Ganges has the same name. This is said to be the site of the ancient 'agnikund' fire rituals. It is 4 kms south of Mount Abu.
This holiday centre of Mount Abu, is virtually in the heart of the town. This sparkling blue artificial lake is said to have been gauged from the earth by the gods, using their fingernails ('nakh' means nail). Nearby is the 14th century Raghunath Temple.On the western edge of the town centre, Nakki Lake Road circles the entire lake. Rowing boats are available for hire from the jetty by Gandhi Park.
Several points around the edge of the plateau offer spectacular views across the plains. The best are Honeymoon Point (Anadra Point) and Sunset Point, where hundred of people gather to watch the sunset every evening in a carnival atmosphere of pony rides and souvenir sellers. Baylay's Walk is a pleasant 5 km route from Nakki Lake to Sunset Point.
Adhar Devi Temple (2-km North Of Town)
This ancient temple dedicated to the serpent goddess, Arbuda, is carved out of a huge rock.. Arbuda is the patron of the town, who formed the mountain in order to save the sacred cow, Nandi from drowning in an abyss. The black-painted marble idol, riding a solid gold tiger, is claimed to be about 5,000 years old.
Trevor's Tank (5-km)
Named after the British engineer, who constructed it, Trevor's tank is a delight for birdwatchers with densely wooded hills that are a haven to pigeons, peacocks and partridges.
The watersupply for Achalgarh fort and a sculpture of Parmar Daravarsh are situated close to the Achaleswar Mahadev temple.
Guru Shikhar (15-km)
The highest peak on the Mount Abu (1722 mts above the sea level) allows a bird's eye view of the idyllic surroundings of Mt. Abu. A small shaivite shrine and a temple of Dattatreya standing on the Shikhar are worth a visit.
Air : Udaipur is the nearest airport. Daily flight form Delhi, Mumbai and Jaipur are available to Udaipur.
Rail : Abu Road is the nearest railway station and is about 22 kms from Mount Abu. And well connected by Ahemdabad, Jaipur, Mumbai and Jodhpur.
Road : Rajasthan Roadways run very comfortable deluxe buses from Jaipur and Abu Road to Maunt Abu. It is also connected by road to Delhi, Udaipur, Ajmer, Bundi and Udaipur.
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