Ranakpur Temple (Chaumukha Jain Temple)
Ranakpur in the state of Rajasthan is one of the five most important pilgrimage sites of Jainism. It is home to an exceptionally beautiful temple complex in the Aravali ranges and a must visit for the tourists coming to this region.
Ranakpur is tucked away in a remote valley in the Aravali range. It is situated around 60 km north of Udaipur in Pali district and boasts of one of the largest and most important Jain Temples in the country. The place is well connected through a road network to other places in the region.
The climate of Ranakpur is tropical with the mercury climbing up to a maximum of around 42°C and a minimum of around 22°C. Winters are only a little colder with a maximum of around 20°C and a minimum of around 11°C. The annual total rainfall is around 55 centimeters. Winter months (October-March) are the best for visiting this place.
Ranakpur is named after Rana Kumbha whom Dharna Sah, a Jain businessman, approached when he had the vision of his great temple to ask for the land for its construction. Renowned for some marvelously carved Jain temples in amber stone, Ranakpur is one of the five holiest places of the Jain community and exceptional in beauty. Situated at a distance of around 60 km from Udaipur, these temples were constructed in the AD 1439.
This 15th century temple also called Adishwar Temple, built by Sheth Dhanna, is the largest and most complex Jain temple in India.
This four-faced temple is designed in form of a Nalinigulm Vimana(heavenly aircraft), with three storeys along with several pavilions accomodated on the temple base itself.
The temple has 29 halls, 80 domes & pavilions include 1,444 pillars - each of them intricately carved.
The carved 'mandapa' or porticoes around the shrine have a 'shikhar' or spire adorned with little bells on the top.
The inner sanctum is enshrined with a four faced white marble image of Lord Adinath or Rishabhdev,
surrounded by several other smaller shrines and domes.