On the streets,
wear shoulder bags across the body (impossible to snatch), and keep
all money and valuables out of sight (never in unzipped pockets).
Beware of being frisked by beggars pretending a friendly hug. Never
give anyone your camera, radio or walk man to 'look at', unless you
feel quite sure of getting it back again.
On trains, where
there is much robbery, use your ruck-sack or bag as a pillow (or stash
it under your knees) when sleeping. If going to the bathroom, bolt
your bag to a fixed compartment attachment or to a window bar.
On crowded local
buses, keep a constant eye on your luggage. You may be asked to put
your bags under a seat to make room for other passenger. Don't do it.
In cheap lodging,
double-lock the door (with combination padlock) and secure all windows
before retiring for the night-thieves are adept at creeping into
unsecured hotel rooms.
If leaving your
luggage for anywhere, for any reason, padlock it to a pipe, a
bedstead, or anything that cannot be moved. Some hotels will remind it
for you-but always get a receipt, and always check nothing's missing
on your return.
Don't accept any
food or drink from total strangers, especially on trains or buses.
There are good chances that it might be drugged.
Fear, anger or
carelessness all attract theft; calm confidence and alertness deter
it. If you become a victim, report your loss to the police by all
means (you will need their report for any insurance claim), but do not
expect a lot of sympathy. India is for the self-reliant -a quality
that some travelers have to learn the hard way.
Wash your hands
often with soap and water or, if hands are not visibly soiled, use a
waterless, alcohol-based hand rub to remove potentially infectious
materials from your skin and help prevent disease transmission.
countries, drink only bottled or boiled water, or carbonated (bubbly)
drinks in cans or bottles. Avoid tap water, fountain drinks, and ice
cubes. If this is not possible, learn how to make water safer to
Take your malaria
prevention medication before, during, and after travel, as directed.
(See your health care provider for a prescription.)
To prevent fungal
and parasitic infections, keep feet clean and dry, and do not go
barefoot, even on beaches.
Always use latex
condoms to reduce the risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted
from mosquito insect bites:
shirts, long pants, and hats when outdoors.
shirts, long pants, and hats.
repellents that contain DEET (N, N-diethylmethyltoluamide). For more
information about insect repellents and correct use, see What You Need
to Know about Mosquito Repellent on the CDC West Nile Virus site.
If no screening or
air conditioning is available: use a parathyroid-containing spray in
living and sleeping areas during evening and night-time hours; sleep
under bed nets, preferably insecticide-treated ones.
If you are
visiting friends and relatives in your home country, see additional
special information about malaria prevention in Recent Immigrants to
the U.S. from Malarious Countries Returning 'Home' to Visit Friends
and Relatives on the CDC Malaria site.
Don't Do's :
Do not eat food
purchased from street vendors or food that is not well cooked to
reduce risk of infection (i.e., hepatitis A and typhoid fever).
Do not drink
beverages with ice.Avoid dairy products, unless you know they have
Do not swim in
fresh water to avoid exposure to certain water-borne diseases such as
schistosomiasis. (For more information, please see Swimming and
Recreational Water Precautions.)
Do not handle
animals, especially monkeys, dogs, and cats, to avoid bites and
serious diseases (including rabies and plague). Consider pre-exposure
rabies vaccination if you might have extensive unprotected outdoor
exposure in rural areas. For more information, please see
Do not share
needles for tattoos, body piercing or injections to prevent infections
such as HIV and hepatitis B.
After You Return
If you have
visited a malaria-risk area, continue taking your antimalarial drug
for 4 weeks (doxycycline or mefloquine) or seven days (atovaquone/proguanil)
after leaving the risk area.
Malaria is always
a serious disease and may be a deadly illness. If you become ill with
a fever or flu-like illness either while traveling in a malaria-risk
area or after you return home (for up to 1 year), you should seek
immediate medical attention and should tell the physician your travel