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Home>>North India>>Uttar-Pradesh>>Historical>>Archaeological Museum (Sarnath)

Archaeological Museum (Sarnath)

Archaeological Museum (Sarnath)

Archeological Museum (Sarnath), Archeological Museum (Sarnath) travel, Archeological Museum (Sarnath) tourism
Sarnath has give up a rich collection of sculptures, artifacts and edifices comprising many Buddha and Bodhisattva images and other ancient remains. Sarnath where the Buddha delivered his first sermon more than 2500 years ago has a place museum whose prize exhibit is the huge lion capital (2.31 in). Now the symbol of independent India, this capital once surmounted an Ashokan pillar erected to mark the spot where the Buddha preached.

Carved in pale yellowish-grey sandstone with black flecks, the sculpture has the characteristic highly polished surface. At the entrance hall are two figures of Buddha, one of which portrays the historic events at Sarnath. There are many other Buddha and bodhisattva figures on view. Among these the most outstanding is the Gupta period Buddha with hand raised in Abhaya or protection.

Sarnath Archaeological Museum is the oldest museum of India. In order to protect the antiquities found from this place, a decision was taken in 1904 by the Government to construct a site museum adjacent to the excavated site at Sarnath. The building of Sarnath Museum was completed in 1910 to house, display and study the antiquities. The building forms half of a monastery (Sangharama) in plan. There are five galleries and two verandahs. The antiquities in the museum are datable from 3rd century BC to 12th century AD. The main hall of museum is known as Shakyasimha gallery and nearby to it on south is named as Trimurti. Entrance to the museum is through the main hall. The Shakyasimha gallery displays the most valued collections of the museum. In the centre of this gallery is the Lion Capital of the Mauryan Pillar which has become the National Emblem of India.


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