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Home>>East India>>Tripura



HISTORY OF TRIPURAOrigin: The origin of the name of Tripura is still a subject of argument among historians and researchers.
According to the 'Rajmala", Tripura's celebrated court chronicle, an ancient king named 'Tripur' ruled over the territorial domain known as 'Tripura' and the name of the kingdom was derived from his name. A school of historians, however, challenge this story and identify 'Tripur' as and imaginary and a historical character.

Many researchers explain the name 'Tripura' from its etymological origin: the word 'Tripura' is a compound of two separate words, 'Tui' (water) + 'Pra' (near) which in totality means 'near water'. The geographical location of the state with it's close proximity to the vast water resources of Eastern Bengal (present Bangladesh) coupled with the generic identity of the state's original inhabitants as 'Tipra' or 'Twipra' apparently justify this explanation of the state's name. Except 'Rajmala' there is no authentic document to base Tripura's history upon even though a plethora of archaeological and numismatic evidences have helped reconstruct the history of the state over the past five centuries.

Development in Tripura proper was slower than in other princely states, largely because of poor economic conditions. State revenues were supplemented by the Raja's zamindari in British Bengal, but these were not enough for more than the very basic reforms.

It is only with the reign of Maharaj Bir Chandra Kishore, in the last part of the nineteenth century that the first tentative steps towards reform and development began. However, no determined programme emerged until the reign of Maharaj Kirit Birendra Kishore during the second decade of the twentieth century. Perhaps due to his modern education his outlook may have been more receptive to change.

Despite modest means, he reformed the revenue system, the courts, police, and army, built roads, hospitals and schools. He contracted marriages with several Nepalese princesses and sent his sons and brothers to be educated in modern institutions outside the state. Many of these princes acquire skills precious to the administration and development of their homeland.

Maharaja Bir Bikram Kishore's early death in 1947 left his throne to his fourteen year old son, Maharaja Kirit Bikram Kishore. This was a crucial time, not only because of British withdrawal and the subsequent uncertain status of the princes, but also due to the birth of East Pakistan. Tripura faced an immediate refugee problem, which brought conflict between the people, severe strain on the administration and threatened to exhaust the meagre resources of the state.


By Air : Tripura has only one airport at Agartala that connects the place with Guwahati and Calcutta.

By Rail : Tripura has no railheads inside the state. The nearest railheads are at Kumarghat (140 km from Agartala) and Silchar (180 km) in Assam

By Road : The National Highway 44 connects most of the places of Tripura via Shillong. The state transport corporation and private tour operators run regular buses that connect the state with the nearby towns and cities both within and outside the state.

By Bus : Agartala, the capital of Tripura, is connected by regular bus services with all subdivisional towns of Tripura. Besides, bus service is also available from Silchar, Guwahati, Karimganj and Shillong.

More Information About Tripura........

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